以下这些名词均包含 "缺乏，不足" 的意思
In the absence of societal pressures to maintain pair-bonds, O'Sullivan suggests that romantic love has increasingly come to be seen as the factor that should determine who we stay with and for how long.
Far from the traditional image of a culture of aggressive masculinity (阳刚), the absence of girls gives boys the chance to develop without pressure to conform to a stereotype.
Its clean air, attractive parks, and the absence of any industry, make this an ideal spot for people looking for a quiet life.
Much of the concern among politicians about the state of American universities today is focused on the absence of "real world" education—which means preparation for professional and scientific careers.
1. the state of being absent;"he was surprised by the absence of any explanation"
2. failure to be present
3. the time interval during which something or somebody is away;"he visited during my absence"
4. epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (a possible other abnormalities)