shock

[ʃɒk] [ʃɑk]
  • 复数:shocks;
  • 第三人称单数:shocks;
  • 过去式:shocked;
  • 过去分词:shocked;
  • 现在分词:shocking;
  • 形容词:shocked;
  • 例句
    同义词解析
    • 以下这些名词均包含 "冲击,碰撞" 的意思
      shock指强烈冲击在肉体上或思想感情上所产生的效果。
      impact正式用词,侧重指物体相撞的结果或接触点。
      collision指物体相撞,其结果不是受损就是严重受阻。
      clash通常指两个或多个物体,特别是金属物发出刺耳声音或破裂声的撞击。也可引申指意见、利益等的冲突。
    词组
    • short, sharp shock
      (Brit.)a brief but harsh custodial sentence handed down to an offender in an attempt to discourage them from committing further offences (英)从速从严打击(对罪犯采取的简捷、严厉的监管惩罚,以使其不再犯罪)
    英语四级真题
      If you think so, you're not alone, because energy independence has been the dream of American president for decades, and never more so than in the past few years, when the most recent oil price shock has been partly responsible for kicking off the great recession.
      出自-2014年6月阅读原文
      It turns out that the guy operates the printing machine with amazing speed, and soon he's turning out newspapers with shocking headlines.
      出自-2013年6月听力原文
    英语六级真题
      A recent article in The Harvard Crimson noted the shocking growth of Harvard's public relations arm in the last five years and it questioned whether a focus on risk management and avoiding controversy was really the best outward-looking face of this great institution.
      出自-2014年6月阅读原文
      She went into shock after an operation.
      出自-2013年6月听力原文
      I was shocked to hear of your wife's illness.
      出自-2013年6月听力原文
    柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典释义
    英汉词典释义
    英英词典释义
    • Noun
      1. the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally;
      "his mother's deathleft him in a daze""he was numb with shock"
      2. the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat;
      "the armies met in the shock of battle"
      3. a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body;
      "subjects received a small electric shock when they mae the wrong response""electricians get accustomed to occasional shocks"
      4. (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor;
      "loss of blood is an important cause of shock"
      5. an instance of agitation of the earth's crust;
      "the first shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while workers were at lunch"
      6. an unpleasant or disappointing surprise;
      "it came as a shock to learn that he was injured"
      7. a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field;
      "corn is bound in small sheeves and several sheeves are set up together in shocks""whole fields of wheat in shock"
      8. a bushy thick mass (especially hair);
      "he had an unruly shock of black hair"
      9. a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses;
      "the old car needed a new set of shocks"
    • Verb
      1. surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off;
      "I was floored when I heard that I was promoted"
      2. strike with disgust or revulsion;
      "The scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends"
      3. strike with horror or terror;
      "The news of the bombing shocked her"
      4. collide violently
      5. collect or gather into shocks;
      "shock grain"
      6. subject to electrical shocks
      7. inflict a trauma upon
    行业词典
    • 体育: 爆冷门;
      医学: 晕厥:一种突然发生的意识障碍;休克:以血液循环系统不能维持生命器官的充分灌注为特征的严重血液动力性及代谢性障碍;可起因于血容量不足(低血容量性休克),心功能不足(心原性休克),或血管舒缩紧张度不足(神经原性休克,败血症性休克)。低血容量或心原性休克的临床表现包括低血压、换气过度、肢凉、湿冷、皮肤紫绀、脉弱及脉速、尿少、意识模糊、局促不安或焦虑。败血症性休克开始表现为寒战、发热、皮肤潮红、轻度低血压及心输出量增加。如治疗无效,则其临床症状发展为与低血容量或心原性休克类似;
      旅游: 休克;
      生理学: 休克;
      电工: [机械]冲击;
      药学: 休克;